ТҮҮХИЙГ ӨНГӨТӨӨР... ТҮҮХЭН ГЭРЭЛ ЗУРГИЙН ЦУВРАЛ 5-р ХЭСЭГ

2019-09-02  

Дэлхийн түүхийн хамгийн ховор үнэ цэнэ бүхий хар цагаан гэрэл зургуудыг Францийн гэрэл зураг сонирхогч гэр бүлийн өнгөт болгож сэргээн засварласан шилдэг цувралаыг англи хэл дээр хүргэж байна. 

Powerhouse mechanic working on a steam pump, 1920.

Sumi and Sada Tamura, daughters of Mr. Teijiro Tamura, former Third Secretary of the Japanese Embassy in the United States in Washington, D.C, 1925.

The “Empire State Express” (New York Central Railroad) passes through Washington Street, Syracuse, New York, 1905.

The beach and Cliff House, San Francisco, circa 1902.

The Golden Gate Bridge under construction in 1934.

Hindenburg disaster, May 6th, 1937.

Wilbur Wright pilots a full-size glider in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, on October 10, 1902

1930.An overhead view of people on 36th St. between 8th and 9th Aves, New York. Manhattan’s Garment District has been the center of the American fashion industry since at least the turn of the twentieth century - in 1900, New York City’s garment trade was its largest industry by a factor of three. The entire fashion ecosystem, from fabric suppliers to designer showrooms, exists within an area just under a square mile. Native New Yorker Margaret Bourke-White was in her mid-twenties when she took this picture. She would later become Life magazine’s first female photojournalist and, during WWII, the first female war correspondent. The two cars shown are a 1930 Ford Model A 4-Door Sedan, left, and a Ford Model A Sports Coupe, right.

1936. Florence Thompson with one of her children, Watsonville, California. Thompson was only 32 in this picture by Dorothea Lange, an outtake from the photo session which generated the iconic “Migrant Mother” image. Born in 1903 in what was then Indian Territory, now part of Oklahoma, her parents were displaced Native American Cherokees. Marrying at 17, she and her husband began a family in California. When her husband died, Florence was left with six children at the age of 28. She went on to have four more children, three with a Californian man, Jim Hill. At the moment Dorothea Lange encountered the family, their car had broken down while journeying to find crop-picking work. Hill and the boys in the family had walked into town to get parts for the car.

1917. Soldiers of the 164th Depot Brigade form a service flag at Fort Riley in Kansas. Arthur Mole achieved some renown as a photographer of patriotic American images such as this - though by birth, Mole was actually British. Still, he directed his photographic attention to US military bases and installations during the First World War, seeking to build up a sense of patriotic fervor and enthusiasm. After composing and planning for a week, Mole and his associate brought an 80-feet high platform to each military establishment, from whence, through a megaphone, Mole proceeded to direct vast numbers of serving troops and other staff into his enormous ‘living insignia.” It would take several hours or moving and standing before the picture was laid out to Mole’s satisfaction.

1918. Oklahoma’s Fort Sill - the burial place of the Native American, Geronimo - housed static kite balloons, inflated with hydrogen such as this one. The balloons were deployed for the observation of artillery attacks, and were secured with guiding cables by groups of ground staff. Six troops were killed in the accident captured here on camera, at Henry Post Field at the Fort. The hydrogen in a balloon was ignited by a what is believed to have been a static electricity charge, created as the folds of the balloon fabric were rubbed together. Thirty more troops were injured.

1918, Celebrations on Wall Street, New York following the surrender of Germany. This picture is almost what it seems - but not quite. We know the exact moment this picture was taken, 1:52 PM on Thursday November 7th, 1918 - four days before the end of World War One. The premature report of the end of the Great War originated in a casual lunchtime conversation between Admiral Henry Wilson, commander of the American Naval forces in French waters, and Roy Howard, President of United Press. Wilson passed on a report of a telephone call he had received from a friend employed in the American Embassy declaring an armistice had been signed. Howard, believing he had just been handed the greatest news story of the his career years, circumnavigated the various systems of checks and censorship in place, going so far as to forge the signature of his foreign editor. He transmitted the story to New York unscrutinized, giving the time of cessation of hostilities as 2pm - eight minutes after this picture was taken. Traders on Wall Street were the first to be aware of the news, and trading ended at 1pm. As the news spread, the entire city was caught up in the celebrations. The next day, the New York Times described the United Press transmission as "the most flagrant and culpable act of public deception.” The Armistice treaty signed at the end of World War One by the Allies and Germany at Compiègne, France, went into effect on the eleventh day of the eleventh month at the eleventh hour, 1918. Yet close to 3,000 men lost their lives on the final day of the War, as, despite the announcement of the Armistice, fighting did not actually cease until that specific moment.

1933. A “Hooverville” shantytown in Central Park, New York. The Great Depression that followed the stock market crash of October 1929 saw massive rates of joblessness and homelessness across the United States. People without jobs were people without the means to pay rent. Suddenly, civic lodging houses built for the homeless were filling up to capacity. Shanty towns - some housing as many as 15,000 people - began to grow up in close proximity to soup kitchens and other sources of free food. Such spontaneous towns were known colloquially as “Hoovervilles,” after Herbert Hoover. Hoover was the Republican President in 1929, and responsibility for the Depression was laid largely at his door. The Hooverville in Central Park developed on the site of the park’s lower reservoir. At one time drained and set aside to become a lawn, the reservoir project was derailed by the impact of the downturn. When it resumed in 1933, the Hooverville was gone, but not before it had gained notoriety, standing literally in the shadows of the opulent buildings that line the park, including The Beresford - opened mere months before the stock market crash.1933

1882, Workers build the Statue of Liberty inside French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi's workshop, Paris. The idea for the Statue of Liberty was Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi’s. The Parisian sculptor wanted to create a gift for the US nation in the wake of the abolition of slavery - referenced in the broken chain at the feet of the statue. Construction commenced in 1877, and Bartholdi brought in engineer Gustave Eiffel to help with the statue’s inner framework. In 1885, the completed statue was shipped to America, assembled and dedicated the following year.

 

 

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